We offer Conversation Analysis services using Jefferson Transcription notations. The following table has a list of symbols with their purpose of use in Jefferson Transcription.
|Symbol||Name||Used to indicate|
|:||Colon (s)||Extended or stretched sound, syllable, or word.|
|(.)||Micropause||Brief pause of less than (0.2).|
|(1.2)||Timed Pause||Intervals occuring within and between same or
different speaker’s utterance.
|(( ))||Double Parentheses||Scenic details.|
|( )||Single Parentheses||Transcriptionist doubt|
|.||Period||Falling vocal pitch.|
|?||Question Marks||Rising vocal pitch.|
|↑↓||Arrows||Pitch resets; marked rising and falling shifts in
|° °||Degree Signs||A passage of talk noticeably softer than
|=||Equal Signs||Latching of contiguous utterances, with no
interval or overlap.
|[ ]||Brackets||Speech overlap.|
|[[||Double Brackets||Simultaneous speech orientations to prior turn.|
|!||Exclamation Points||Animated speech tone.|
|–||Hyphens||Halting, abrupt cut off of sound or word.|
|> <||Less Than/Greater Than Signs||Portions of an utterance delivered at a pace
noticeably quicker than surrounding talk.
|OKAY||CAPS||Extended or stretched sound, syllable, or word.|
|hhh.hhh||H’s||Audible outbreaths, possibly laughter. The more h ’s, the longer the aspiration.
Aspirations with periods indicate audible
inbreaths (e.g., .hhh). H ’s within (e.g., ye(hh)s) parentheses
mark within-speech aspirations, possible
|pt||Lip Smack||Often preceding an inbreath.|
|Laugh Syllable||Relative closed or open position of laughter.|
|$||Smile Voice||Laughing/chuckling talk between markers.|